Scrotal Circumference

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Scrotal circumference is collected between 320 to 440 days of age. Scrotal circumference is measured using a scrotal tape around the widest part of the scrotum when the testicles are fully extended. The tape should be pulled firmly around the scrotum. It is recommended to record the measure a few times to ensure accurate results. The circumference of the scrotum is recorded in centimeters. Describe ways the phenotype is collected

Adjusted Value

The Beef Improvement Federation recommends age adjustment factors specific to breed for bulls less than 12 months old. The recommendations are presented in the table below. The age adjustment factor should be used in the following equation:

365-day SC=actual SC + [(365-age in days) x breed specific age adjustment factor]


Most breed associations record scrotal circumference and therefore have developed their own age adjustment factors based on data they have collected. Certain associations also have an age of dam adjustment factor for yearling scrotal circumference. It is recommended to use the breed association adjustments when possible in order to increase the accuracy of the adjusted measure.

Contempory Group

Genetic Evaluation


Scrotal circumference is measured to estimate the potential number of sperm cells that could be produced. It has been shown bulls with larger scrotal circumference reached puberty and produced higher quality sperm at a younger age. Furthermore, larger scrotal circumference has been associated with an increased percentage of progressively motile sperm and less abnormal sperm production (Christmas et al., 2001; Garmyn et al., 2007).

Moreover, it has become increasingly popular for beef producers to market yearling bulls, which generally have not reached sexual maturity. Studies have shown bulls less than 15 months of age were more likely to be classified as deferred when evaluated for a BSE. Scrotal circumference can provide a more accurate predictor of onset of puberty when compared to other measurements such as height or weight (Carson 1997). Due to the relationship between scrotal circumference and these economically relevant traits, producers may wish to utilize scrotal circumference as a culling factor and place selection emphasis on scrotal circumference EPDs if selling bulls.